A Nation of Empire: The Ottoman Legacy of Turkish Modernity by Michæl Meeker

By Michæl Meeker

This cutting edge research of recent Turkey is the results of a long time of ethnographic fieldwork and archival examine. Michael Meeker expertly combines anthropological and historic tips on how to learn the transition from the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic in an important zone of the rustic, the japanese Black beach. His most important discovering is state-oriented provincial oligarchy performed a key position in successive courses of reform over the process greater than 2 hundred years of imperial and nationwide heritage. As Meeker demonstrates, major members subsidized through interpersonal networks decided the end result of the modernizing method, first throughout the westernizing interval of the Empire, then in the course of the innovative interval of the Republic.To know the way the sort of state-oriented provincial oligarchy was once produced and reproduced alongside the jap Black beach, Meeker integrates a latest ethnographic research of public lifestyles in cities and villages with a historic examine of respectable files, consular studies, and go back and forth narratives. A state of Empire offers anthropologists, historians, and scholars of jap Europe and the center East with a brand new realizing of the complexities and contradictions of recent Turkish event.

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I have chosen not to publish this list of twenty family names, all of them of the “og˘lu” form, but I shall be using the list to evaluate historical documents in later chapters. I have preserved the families’ anonymity in order to avoid associating family members, who are many in number, with the activities of leading individuals, who are few in number. 37. He wrote down the name of one patronymic group under both parties, saying that its members had recently split between the groups. 38. I carried out a census of a large number of households from the Selimog˘lu.

The “Five” and “Twenty-five” Parties When speaking of the old days, some respondents recalled a definite structure of rivalries and alliances in the district of Of as well as elsewhere in the old province of Trabzon. My interlocutors also recalled two opposed hierarchies of aghas in the district. A greater agha of the Selimog˘lu and a greater agha of the Muradog˘lu were said to have been preeminent along the western and eastern coastlines, respectively. Other lesser aghas, distributed in checkerboard fashion through the western and eastern valleysystems, aligned themselves with either the agha of the Selimog˘lu or the agha of the Muradog˘lu.

Nothing more than the common tendency for voters to support their relatives, whether close or distant, would have probably produced such a result. But once I was able to determine the exact identity of the directors, chairmen, councilmen, and committeemen, it was clear that the pattern was no simple artifact of a normal electoral process. With only one exception, all the individuals who served as directors or chairmen in the town of Of were the sons or grandsons of one man, so they were not at all randomly selected from among all the qualified members of the Selimog˘lu family (see fig.

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