By James Reilly
Celebrated for its old water wheels, the city of Hama is found on Syria’s longest river, the Orontes. Ottoman Hama used to be a stopover at the significant north-south street of Syria in addition to the guts of an area fiscal region of its personal. Intertwined social networks associated townspeople to the peasants and pastoral nomads of Hama’s hinterland. through the early 20th century a couple of elite and impressive households had come to dominate the political and monetary lifetime of Hama and its outlying villages, surroundings the degree for the city’s dramatic access into Syrian nationwide lifestyles in the course of the French Mandate and post-colonial classes. dependent largely on neighborhood judicial files, this ebook is a social heritage of Hama over the last centuries of Ottoman rule. It examines the social and financial buildings that outlined people’s lives and that conditioned their participation within the ancient alterations of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. Dramatis personae comprise women and men, commoners and notables, retailers and artisans, and others who, taken jointly, symbolize a cross-section of a center japanese society as they entered the realm of worldwide markets, ecu empires, and glossy states.
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Extra info for A Small Town in Syria: Ottoman Hama in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
The Kaylanis and ‘Alwanis were Ottoman Hama’s most successful ashraf families. This success is measured by the length of time – over one century – that members of these families held prominent posts in Hama’s religious and civil administrations. Up to the eighteenth century the leading members of the ‘Alwani family may have wielded more local influence than did their Kaylani counterparts. 24 By the 1790s at the latest, however, Kaylanis had surpassed ‘Alwanis in their occupancy of religious and judicial offices.
100 The centrality of family relationships extended into other spheres of economic life and activity besides ownership of residential property. Families of breadwinners who were injured or killed through accident or negligence demanded compensation. 101 Family ties were also an important means for financing business enterprises of middle- and lower-class people. Merchants and artisans tapped their relatives for loans and credit. 102 Over ten percent of a shopkeeper’s 99 100 101 102 France, Archives du Ministère des relations extérieurs, Correspondance commerciale et consulaire (CC), Damas 1, Lautour, 22 Sept.
LCR Hama 46:206–207, doc. 454, 456, awasit Dhu al-Hijja 1208/ 14 July 1794. Average price of all residences whose sales were recorded in LCR Hama vol. 46. 39 tunities for officials’ personal aggrandizement were combined with legal security of property in the following century, it is little wonder that other military families in addition to the ‘Azms were catapulted into the ranks of Hama’s elites. The only notables in the top rungs of Hama’s landowning families on the eve of the First World War were the Kaylanis.