By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann
"After the Nazi Racial nation bargains a finished, persuasive, and impressive argument in prefer of constructing 'race' a extra principal analytical type for the writing of post-1945 background. this can be an exceptionally vital undertaking, and the amount certainly has the aptitude to reshape the sector of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, collage of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race pondering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra largely, after the dying of the Nazi racial country? This booklet investigates the afterlife of "race" for the reason that 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal eu empire. Drawing on case reviews of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most vital minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors aspect continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and provide the beginnings of a historical past of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to contemplate the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and hard work migration afflicted nativist notions of nationwide and ecu identity.After the Nazi Racial country poses interpretative questions for the ancient realizing of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended historical past of "race." This booklet explores why the idea that of "race" turned taboo as a device for realizing German society after 1945. such a lot crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic results of this made up our minds retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of historical past on the college of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential examine Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt amazing collage Professor of latest heritage on the college of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of historical past at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.
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Extra resources for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)
30 After 1945, a number of factors, including Nazi-sponsored genocide and the subsequent emigration of surviving Jews, the westward expulsions of ethnic Germans from the eastern reaches of the former Reich, and an increasingly impermeable Iron Curtain dividing West Germans from Slavs (as much as capitalists from communists), imposed a type of ethnic unmixing on Cold War Central Europe. As a result, although “the East” continued as a political and ideological foe, by the 1950s, its perceived threat to West Germans’ racial integrity was drastically diminished.
Troops returning from overseas in 1945, for example, numerous white of‹cers and soldiers denounced interracial dating by black GIs abroad as the primary cause of racial violence in the military. On the ground in Germany, it was treated as an unbearable provocation. White GIs harassed German women in the company of black GIs and physically assaulted the men. American military police forcibly excluded black GIs from bars, in effect imposing racial segregation on German establishments, as Maria Höhn has shown.
35 But there is no indication that Kirchner ever considered such a study, and that is precisely my point. 36 The postwar political situation in›uenced the postfascist study of race and the delineation of racial categories in Germany. Kirchner’s and Sieg’s studies were also symptomatic in their exclusive emphasis on a subset of black occupation children: namely, those of African American paternity. Kirchner, for example, examined the medical records, social welfare and school reports of ‹fty “colored mixed-blood children” in Berlin ranging in age from one to twenty but focused his analysis on a subgroup of twenty-three children, aged one through ‹ve, of “American Negro” paternity.