By William S. Burroughs
In 1980, William S. Burroughs added a speech on the Planet Earth convention on the Institute of Ecotechnics in Aix-en-Provence titled ‘The 4 Horsemen of the Apocalypse’.1 during this speech, Burroughs, following non secular culture, says that the 4 horsemen of the apocalypse are Famine, Plague, warfare, and dying and strikes directly to prophesise a extra contemporaneous apocalypse. In Burroughs’ apocalypse, battle and Plague, for instance, became allies; this alliance, Burroughs proclaims, ‘was cemented with the 1st germ experiments’ (Burroughs, 1984, p. 12). the chance of those experiments lies of their skill not to purely create new viruses yet to additionally flip them into organic guns. yet for Burroughs there's a major similarity among a twentieth-century-specific apocalypse, with its radiation and contaminants, and the non secular apocalypse of the 4 horsemen. For Burroughs, either different types of apocalypse ‘have no that means open air of human context, they're in reality human inventions’ (p. 17). extra particularly, they're the fundamental flaws in what Burroughs calls the ‘human artifact’ (p. 17) and in our evolution as a species. For Burroughs, the one method out is to first take into account that our organic future ‘is in house, and that our failure to accomplish this can be the elemental flaw within the human artifact’ (p. 24). This speech constitutes Burroughs’ first visual appeal within the scene as an apocalyptist. ahead of this, he was once most sensible referred to as one of many basic contributors of the Beat iteration circulate, because the exponent of illness and drug abuse, or, in addition to Brion Gysin, as one of many first practitioners of ‘cut-ups’ in literature. yet he was once by no means thought of to be an apocalyptist prior to this speech.